Volume 3, Issue 1 | October 2015
Image | Endoscopy

The Lost Buckyballs

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Leigh Bornstein Lurie, MD, Moshe Rubin, MD, Suma Kamath, MD, and Sang Kim, MD

Department of Gastroenterology, New York Presbyterian Queens, Flushing, NY

ACG Case Rep J 2015;3(1):7-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/crj.2015.82. Published: October 9, 2015.

Case Report

A 15-year-old female with no past medical history presented 3 hours after ingesting 2 Buckyballs she had been using to create a mock tongue piercing. Buckyballs are 5-mm magnets made of neodymium, which is 5 times more powerful than a regular magnet. They are used as educational toys and as an artistic medium. Buckyball stopped production in 2012 after many cases of ingestion and a United States Consumer Product Safety Commission lawsuit.1 On exam, her abdomen was soft, nontender, and nondistended. An abdominal x-ray showed 2 radiopaque objects in the mid-abdomen (Figure 1).

Lurie-Figure-1

Figure 1. Abdominal x-ray showing 2 radiopaque objects in the mid-abdomen.

Colonoscopy revealed a normal colon and terminal ileum without visualization of the Buckyballs. During a retrograde double balloon enteroscopy, the enteroscope was advanced over 150 cm into the small bowel without visualization of the Buckyballs. Fluoroscopy confirmed that the Buckyballs had migrated to the right lower quadrant. The enteroscope was reduced under fluoroscopy until the tip of the scope was at the site of the Buckyballs in the cecum; however, the Buckyballs still could not be located (Figure 2).

Lurie-Figure-2

Figure 2. Fluoroscopy showing the Buckyballs in the cecum.

The appendix was intubated, and a round, metallic object was seen wedged in the lumen (Figure 3). A 0.035 Dreamwire™ (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA) was advanced beyond the Buckyballs into the appendix. Attempts to endoscopically extract the Buckyballs using a 9 mm/12 mm Extractor™ Pro RX Balloon (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA), a Memory Basket® soft wire (Cook, Winston-Salem, NC), a Talon™ grasping device (US Endoscopy, Mentor, OH), and an EndoGator® (US Endoscopy, Mentor, OH) were unsuccessful. Laparoscopic appendectomy was finally performed to recover the Buckyballs, and the patient recovered without complication (Figure 4).

Lurie-Figure-3

Figure 3. Round, metallic object was seen wedged in the lumen upon appendiceal intubation.

Magnetic foreign body ingestion is most common in the pediatric population.2 The ingestion of 2 or more magnetic foreign bodies poses the highest risk, as the force between 2 magnets can trap a portion of bowel, causing necrosis, perforation, obstruction, or volvulus.3 It is recommended that each magnetic foreign body be removed endoscopically. If they are not in endoscopic reach, it is recommended that the foreign bodies be removed surgically.4 We were unable to endoscopically remove the Buckeyballs from this patient, but prompt identification by enteroscopy prevented appendiceal necrosis and perforation.

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Figure 4. Buckyballs recovered from the patient’s appendix.


Disclosures

Author contributions: All authors wrote and edited the manuscript. L. Bornstein Lurie is the article guarantor.

Financial disclosure: None to report.

Informed consent was obtained for this case report.

Correspondence: Leigh Bornstein Lurie, New York Presbyterian Queens–Gastroenterology, 5645 Main Street, Flushing NY 11355 (lbornstein07@yahoo.com).

Received: July 16, 2015; Accepted: August 25, 2015


References

  1. Buckyballs and Buckycubes refunds now available through BuckyballsRecall.com; recall to refund will last until Jan 2015 [news release]. Washington, DC: United States Consumer Product Safety Commission; July 17, 2014. http://www.cpsc.gov/en/Newsroom/News-Releases/2014/Buckyballs-and-Buckycubes-Refunds-Now-Available. Accessed July 1, 2015.
  2. Liu SQ, Lei P, Lv Y, et al. Systematic review of gastrointestinal injury caused by magnetic foreign body ingestions in children and adolescence [Article in Japanese]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2011;14:756–61. PubMed
  3. Taverez MM, Saladino RA, Gaines, BA, Manole MD. Prevalence, clinical features and management of pediatric magnetic foreign body ingestions. J Emerg Med. 2013;44:261–8. Article | PubMed
  4. Ikenberry SO, Jue TL, Anderson MA, et al; ASGE Standards of Practice Committee. Management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;73:1085–1091. Article | PubMed

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© 2015 Lurie et al. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0.